Podiatry is a branch in the field of dermatology. (b) It involves the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders affecting the foot. (The foot) The most common disorders that affect the foot are bunions, hammertoes, corns and calluses, warts, ingrown skin, blisters, and bone fractures. Treatments for foot disorders involve diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Bunions or bunionettes are large, inflamed bumps that generally occur on the outer side of a foot. They usually cause considerable pain and sometimes severe discomfort. The most common causes of bunions are overpronation, being overweight, or prolonged inactivity. The podiatrist can fix an inflamed bunion by making an arthroscopic intervention or can use general anesthesia to help reduce the pain.
Bacterial skin infection is one of the most common causes of bunions, and podiatrists in Podiatry Adelaide offer various methods of wound care including debridement and antimicrobial therapy. A sterile needle is first used to insert a special instrument called a cauterizing instrument, which is designed to burn or cut a deep, small incision into the affected area. The cut makes an opening for the surgeon to reach the nerve or the joint and pull out the offending growth. (g) Bunionettes can be reduced by applying arch support shoe inserts. Foot orthotics can also be used to treat bunions.
A common problem that affects people with diabetes is foot ulcers. These can be caused by a variety of factors including diabetes, infection, or stress. The podiatrist may order debridement surgery to remove the ulcer. In some cases, the podiatrist can provide diabetic foot care by creating a custom shoe that helps to keep the foot healthy. Other treatment methods include using arch supports, insoles, and anti-inflammatory medications.
Fungal and viral infections can also cause ingrown toenails. The podiatrist will usually recommend debridement or removal of the nail to prevent further complications. Sometimes, podiatry can refer a patient to a podiatrist for inlay surgery, a common treatment for chronic ingrown toenail conditions. This procedure is done under general anesthesia in an outpatient setting and does not require a hospital stay. It usually takes three days for a complete healing process and will be effective if the podiatrist uses arch supports during the process.
Some pediatric specialists in Podiatry Adelaide offer medical assistance to diabetic foot care patients who are interested in taking their condition into their own hands. Most podiatry doctors offer several different kinds of podiatric services, such as ingrown toenail treatment, hand therapy, and sports podiatry services. These services are usually covered by medical insurance. The podiatrist can provide a list of qualified providers in your area so that you know what to expect when you schedule an appointment. If you do choose to see a podiatrist for foot care services, be sure to tell him or her about any medications you may be on, including diuretics, antisychotics, and steroid treatments.